Another tragedy in an elementary school – what will be our response? Shock, dismay, sadness? How long until we start politicizing? Let’s try another approach. Instead of pointing fingers, let’s look in the mirror. What can be done TODAY to move towards what we all want – to keep kids safe in schools? It starts with taking an educational, not law enforcement view of school safety. Let’s bring educators into the conversation and give them the tools and resources they need to respond to horrific events like today. It starts with education-based, all hazards training for the real first responders – the school staff. As a non-profit training organization staffed by educators, we’re ready to get started.
Several media outlets reported this week about a Florida school that is selling bulletproof backpack inserts to their students for $120 each. Let that sink in a minute - we are now at a point in our society where bullet proof gear is considered a school necessity. There is so much that could be discussed here – from the societal ills that result in mass shootings on a regular basis, to the potentially exploitive practice of preying on a parent’s worst fears to sell products. Oh, and then there’s the possibility that these inserts most likely will not keep students any safer, regardless of the motivation for selling them.
Instead, let’s talk about the allocation of financial resources in this direction (forgiving the insensitive pun), what gives the biggest bang for the buck to keep a classroom full of kids safe? First, we need to do the math: 25 students at $120 per bulletproof insert = $3,000 available for classroom safety.
The bulletproof insert is specifically designed for one possible event – an active shooter – and is limited (to say the least) in its application. The student needs to be able to access their backpack in the event and must know how to use the backpack as a shield. So, for $3,000 we have a marginal solution to a single statistically unlikely problem.
For that same $3,000 we could provide training – and lots of it. We could directly train every person in the classroom in the five FEMA recommended response protocols – evacuation, reverse evacuation, lockdown, shelter in place, and drop, cover, hold. These five protocols can be employed in virtually every possible crisis event from an earthquake to a non-custodial parent to an active shooter.
But there’s still money left. Then we could provide more direct training to the teacher and aide in this classroom. First aid, CPR, and AED training would give these adults the lifesaving skills necessary to treat the variety of injuries and medical events that schools face almost daily.
But wait, there’s more - our money buys us still more training. Students, staff, and parents can be trained in lockdown enhancements and options, including active shooter training, that will give them the capacity to employ the recommended FEMA/DHS protocol of “run, hide, fight”. The ability to rapidly evacuate and/or barricade to deny the gunman access is crucial to surviving an active shooter event.
Finally, we’ll use the balance of our $3,000 to prevent, not just respond to violence. Threat assessment management training allows schools to identify, assess, and manage individuals who may pose a threat of violence to themselves or others BEFORE an incident occurs. Strategic supervision practices provide teachers with the means to identify, prevent, and remediate potential violence or misbehavior. Assessing and improving school climate and culture has a proven track record of preventing violence AND increasing academic achievement.
Education is a people business – let’s stop buying stuff and invest in people to keep our students safe. I bet your bullet-proof insert can’t do that…
October 31 was an awful day for school safety. Not one, but two significant events occurred today that underscored the need for a comprehensive, all-hazards approach to school safety. Schools on both coasts unexpectedly found themselves implementing multiple emergency procedures such as lockdown, evacuation, student accountability, and parent reunification in rapid succession.
In New York, a terrorist attack involved a bus crash as well as multiple fatalities in the full view of horrified students. Not one, but two schools found themselves in both lockdown and sheltering modes. On the west coast, a Riverside, California first grade teacher was held hostage by an enraged parent until SWAT intervened. The school was evacuated and the children removed off site to be reunified with their parents.
The take-away? There is no substitute for appropriate planning, preparation and training – and it needs to happen now. These two schools had no way of knowing today would be the day their plans and preparation would be tested. How would your school have fared if you were in their shoes today?
For more information and free resources to assist you in planning, preparation, and training, head to www.eSchoolSafety.org.
The 2017-2018 school year is off to a rocky start…
In the 20 school days in September 2017, we’ve had:
- 188 threats or incidents of violence in schools in 43 different states
- 62 bomb threats impacted more than 84 schools
- 3 guns were found on school property
- 57 school shooting threats impacted more than 160 schools
- 7 shootings occurred on school campuses in Ohio, Washington, Illinois, Colorado, California, Kentucky, and Massachusetts. There were also 2 serious shooting plots thwarted.
- A student was stabbed to death on campus, while another committed suicide in a school restroom.
There were an additional 45 threats where the nature of the threat was not revealed.
In just the 20 school days in September, the top 5 states for incidents or threats:
1. Pennsylvania – 20 threat or incidents
2. California – 16 threats or incidents
3. Ohio and Illinois – 9 threats or incidents each
4. Washington, Tennessee, Texas, and North Carolina – 8 threats or incidents each
5. New York – 7 threats or incidents
Wondering if this is just an unusual September? Check out our States of Concern report which analyzes threats and incidents of violence during the 2016-2017 school year.
Yesterday’s school shooting in Spokane is all too familiar not just because it was a shooting in a school (25% of all mass shootings happen in schools), but because the pre-attack behaviors of the perpetrator are almost exactly like those of the many school attackers that preceded him. In many ways, it’s a textbook case:
- The attacker shares social media images of himself with a gun or simulating shootings. In this case the shooter was known for his “antics” on his violent YouTube channel.
- The attacker tells people in advance that he is on a path to violence. The Spokane shooter passed notes to other students tell them he was going to do “something stupid”.
According to the Safe School Initiative Study of school shootings, 81% of the time attackers warn someone overtly before the attack. 93% of the time there is specific evidence of planning and preparation for the shooting. More than half of all school shootings are over before police arrive, with civilians (like the student and the custodian) intervening 2/3 of the time. That is exactly what happened at Freeman High School yesterday.
Research and bitter experience tells us how the next school shooter is already behaving. We can make fairly accurate predictions about what will happen and what the response will look like. The only question that remains is- Why don’t we do something about it?
Through threat assessment management, violence can be prevented by intervening with individuals who are exhibiting behaviors of concern – they are begging us to stop them. And while we cannot prevent every act of violence, adequate, appropriate training for educators and students can help to minimize the damage and save lives.
Let’s stop watching these tragedies unfold and do something to stop them.
For more information, go to www.eSchoolSafety.org
While the first weeks of school certainly don’t always predict what will happen in a given school year, a quick analysis and comparison of violent threats and incidents in schools during this same period last year reveals some unsettling results:
The good news and the bad news…
So far this year, the rate of threats has increased from last year at this time. In addition to threats, there have been at least two shooting plots that were foiled before implementation. On the positive side, last year at this time, we had already experienced a school shooting, five gun related incidents, and a bomb detonation.
Learn more about the rate of violent threats and incidents in our States of Concern report at www.eSchoolSafety.org/concern.
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Many of you may well remember that dramatic increase in bomb threats that occurred in U.S. schools during the 2016-2017 school year. Particularly troubling was the rash of bomb threats that targeted Jewish schools and community centers in early 2017. Fast forward to this summer, when an investigation and arrest revealed the culprit behind many of those threats.
Police arrested Michael Kadar, an 18 year old American Israeli teenager and charged him with making more than 245 threatening calls to Jewish Community Centers and schools. But here’s where it gets weirder.
Kadar advertised a “School Email Bomb Threat Service” on AlphaBay, a now-shuttered online dark web marketplace. For $30 Kadar emailed a bomb threat to a single school, for $60 to multiple schools or a school district. Buyers had the option to frame someone for the threat if they paid an addition $15 surcharge. It is believed that Kadar made more than $240,000 in Bitcoin for his efforts. Satisfied customers wrote reviews that the threats were “Amazing on time and on target. We got evacuated and got the day cut short.”
Clearly not every bomb threat that occurred last year was a result of this bizarre service, but it does illustrate several important problems with bomb threats. First off, they are frequent, disruptive, and increasingly lull us into a false sense of security thinking that bomb-related incidents are always “just threats”. Secondly, bomb threats work when they can cause disruption and panic. The vast majority of school administrators have little training or expertise in how to manage bomb incidents and most often they are working with outdated or non-existent bomb incident response protocols.
Mr. Kadar made a great deal of money because his threats succeeded in disrupting schools, consuming the time and resources of emergency responders, creating anxiety among parents, and most dangerously creating a “boy who cried wolf” situation where explosives in schools are concerned.
The current school year isn’t starting off much better. So far in the first three weeks of August (when many schools aren’t even in session yet), more than 1/3 of all school safety incidents have been bomb related, with 14 threats and one detonation already.
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Want to listen to a "professional" podcast that won't put you to sleep? Join mother/daughter school safety experts and educators Dr. Amy Klinger and Amanda Klinger, Esq. for a series of irreverent and highly engaging discussions dealing with incredible, but true school safety incidents.
In the first three episodes we cover: a student who was suspended for 10 days for ‘liking’ an Instagram post, a case of helicopter parenting gone criminally wrong, and a teacher who usurped safety protocols partly due to the ‘risk of an ear infection’. You’ll have to listen to some of these stories to believe them!
The Educator’s School Safety Network (ESSN) would like to invite you to participate in the launch of the School Safety Free Period podcast and provide your feedback.
Three lucky winners will get Amazon gift cards for their efforts!
1. DOWNLOAD and SUBSCRIBE: to the podcast wherever you typically get your podcasts – iTunes, Google Play Podcasts, Stitcher, TuneIn, RSS feed, etc., or access the podcasts directly on this website by clicking here.
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- Email your informal review to firstname.lastname@example.org and your name will be entered into a drawing for one of three $50 Amazon.com gift cards.
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A new Gallup poll indicates that 24% of parents fear for their children's safety when they are at school. This is down 9 percentage points since the tragedy at Sandy Hook, but still above the historical low point of concern of 15% in 2008. The average percent of concern since 1977 has been 29%.
So what does all of this mean? The poll concerns the "physical safety" of children, so a variety of potential fears come into play, from an active shooter to bullying to a physical assault. Pollsters believe a lack of recent school shootings and greater safety measures might be factors in the decrease in concern.
While this may be good news on all fronts, we cannot become complacent as a new school year begins. Just because parents aren't highly anxious or demanding rigorous safety measures, doesn't mean that we can ignore the continual presence of threats of violence in our schools. As educators, our responsibility is to maximize the safety of our students every day, regardless of what has, or has not occurred.
View the detailed data at:
Well the teaching profession has another black eye today thanks to the shockingly poor judgement of a 7th grade teacher in Texas.
In the time-honored tradition of end of the year awards, teacher Stacey Lockett gave what can only be described as ridiculously offensive mock certificates to two of her students. One student received a “Most Likely to Become a Terrorist” award, while another received a “Most Likely to Blend in With White People” certificate.
Yes, you read that right. A professional educator in 2017 thought that labeling adolescent students with racial and/or ethnic slurs would be a light hearted way to end the school year. The principal of Anthony Aguirre Junior High in Houston said that the awards in question were not representative of the vision and mission of the school. No kidding.
While clearly this teacher’s actions are not indicative of the vast majority of educators, it is a bitter reminder of how a lack (or lapse) of judgement can have far-reaching consequences for a teacher, and sadly, also for her students.
Not every threat to a school comes from within the school. There were numerous instances this past school year where threats or incidents perpetrated by someone outside of the school caused a crisis within the school.
Let's take a look at the impact of outside forces on the safety of our schools:
- Perhaps the most tragic example of an outside influence coming into the school with devastating consequences is the April 10 shooting at North Park Elementary School in San Bernadino California. A teacher's estranged husband entered the building and attacked the classroom resulting in the death of the teacher and a student. It's critical for schools to be informed of and act upon restraining or protection orders, as well as other circumstances where domestic violence has the potential to spill over into the school. Parents, staff, and other stakeholders need to keep the school informed about concerns and potential threats of an individual trying to access someone who is at the school. It's equally important for the school to stay current and vigilant when screening visitors.
- Some times an incident at a school is a diversion for a crime to be committed elsewhere. Several bomb threats targeting schools this year were later found to be a diversion, such as a series of bomb threats in Rock County Wisconsin that impacted more than 26 schools to distract from the robbery of a local gun shop.
- In other situations, the poor judgement or even malicious intent of parents can impact the school. A rumor started by a parent on Facebook in Eugene Oregon lead to a school shooting scare. An irate parent in Middletown New York threatened to blow up his son's elementary school, causing the school to evacuate. When a parent in Rhode Island attempted to cover up her son's theft of the principal's nameplate, the anonymous package in which she mailed back the nameplate resulted in bomb scare.
- A tragedy was narrowly averted at an elementary school in Florida in March. During the parent-pick up line at dismissal, a 3 year old child found a gun in the glove box of his mother's car and discharged the weapon out of the car's window at the school. Luckily no one was hurt. School safety planning needs to consider threats and incidents that originate from circumstances that can be far outside of the school's control.
For more information about the Educator's School Safety Network's ongoing research about school-based violent incidents and threats, head to: http://eschoolsafety.org/bir/
Let's take a minute and talk about the most common excuse that follows a threat of violence in a school - "Oh I was just kidding". It's interesting to note that "I was just joking about that bomb" doesn't seem to fly with TSA agents and airport officials (pardon the awful pun!).
We need to have some serious conversations about how not-funny threatening to shoot up the school really is. Given the tragic history of school violence in America, no one should be able to hide behind the excuse that a threat of violence is a laughing matter.
For more information about training for threat assessment and management, head to: http://eschoolsafety.org/tam/
The tragic legacy of Columbine continues.
During the month of April this year, there were more than 220 incidents or threats of violence in U.S. schools. More than 10% of these threats directly referenced Columbine either as an inspiration, or as a motivation. While we need to be concerned about safety every day, anniversaries of events such as Columbine create a need for extra vigilance.
For more information on the Educator's School Safety Network's ongoing research into school-based violent incidents and threats (formerly a bomb report), head to: http://eschoolsafety.org/bir/
As all educators and parents are well aware, it’s almost the end of the school year, and frankly, we’re all just tired. The months of May and June are particularly chaotic and tiring in schools. There are an almost overwhelming amount of social, academic, and athletic events going on - prom, award dinners, field day, championship games - the list goes on and on. Combine this frantic level of activity with the tiredness and complacency that can develop and you have a a potential for disaster.
So, as we wind up the year, here are some tips to remember…
Big events in schools create unstable situations - there are lots of visitors in the building, schedules are changed, students are excited and moving around more freely and unsupervised - meaning that sometimes safety is the last thing on anyone’s mind. It’s always a good idea to take a minute to help everyone re-focus on safely enjoying these events.
As the days wind down, we become more complacent. The threat of violence or the potential for accidents doesn’t go away just because there are only a few days of school left. If a safety procedure is a good idea on the first day of school, it’s still a good one on the last day of school.
Supervision is not seasonal - When people get busy they tend to prioritize, and supervision is one of the first things to get bumped down the list. Even on a good day, schools tend to have too little supervision in critical areas - cafeterias, bus lanes, hallways, locker rooms, etc. Don’t allow the demands of the end of the year to become an excuse for skimping on this most critical of duties.
Being outside can be hazardous. As the weather improves, school settings are increasingly shifted outside. Gym classes are on the field, extra recess is happening, classes are meeting in courtyards, multiple games and practices are occurring. Be sure that any communication that occurs within the building can also be heard outside - whether it’s by PA, radio, or cell phone - and that there’s a procedure to make sure it’s done. If those in the building went into lockdown or severe weather sheltering, how would those outside be notified? Conversely, if an injury or incident occurs outside, how will they call for help?
The results were disheartening for those familiar with the disruption bomb threats cause: There has been a 1,461 percent increase in bomb threat incidents since Nov. 2011.
You can read the full article here: http://www.campussafetymagazine.com/article/study_reveals_sharp_increase_in_school_bomb_threats
Depending on geography and calendars, most U.S. schools have been in session anywhere from 4 to 19 school days so far this school year. Regardless of the actual number of days, the number of threats, and violent incidents that have occurred so far this school year is unsettling at best. While significant conclusions cannot be drawn from this brief burst of data alone, certain trends are beginning to emerge:
- There have already been 4 shooting incidents in schools, with 1 fatality (the shooter) and four injuries.
- Unlike last year’s data where social media accounted for only 5.6% of bomb threats, so far this year, social media postings were the method of delivery for 24% of all threats of school violence (when the method of delivery was reported).
- 34 of the 50 states have already reported or experienced threats or actual incidents of violence either in the form of a bomb or shooting threat, or an actual event.
- To date there have been 52 bomb threats reported in 27 states, impacting 68 schools. More shocking is the fact that August 31 two explosive device were found outside a middle school in Washington state one of which had partially detonated. In the entire 15-16 school year there was one detonation and 4 devices found.
- So far there have been 108 violent incidents and threats impacting the safety and instructional time of students in 135 schools.
What happens for the rest of this school year remains to be seen, but bomb threats and other threats of violence have been present since literally the first day of school for many educational institutions. Clearly this is not a “spring” problem but a fact of daily life for U.S. schools. More importantly, these are not all “just threats”. With four actual shootings, four additional gun incidents, and an explosive detonation in the opening days of the 2016-2017 school, the need for adequate preparation, prevention, and response planning and training is frighteningly obvious.
The Educator’s School Safety Network will continue to gather and analyze data about threats and incidents of violence in schools throughout the 2016-2017 school year, and will provide periodic updates as to our findings. For best access, follow us on Facebook at www.Facebook.com/eSchoolSafety or on Twitter at @eSchoolSafety. If you’d like to receive these updates in an email form, please sign up at http://eepurl.com/bbh5Nj
Ensuring the safety of students is the primary mission of all educators. Yet sadly, it is also an area where educators feel largely unprepared or have received little training. As one school year closes and planning for another begins, this is the perfect time to critically reflect on the state of school safety in your district and develop plans for improvement.
Let’s begin by critically examining several of the most important areas of concern:
Is your district still utilizing a traditional lockdown procedure for active shooter response (lock the door, hide out, wait for law enforcement)? In June 2013, the Department of Education and FEMA released updated guidelines for best practices in schools that incorporate rapid evacuation and barricading as response capabilities. If your staff and students do not how to use these options, it is critical to update both your lockdown procedures AND provide adequate training. http://eschoolsafety.org/let/
Does your district have a Threat Assessment Team? According to the U.S. Department of Education, one of the most useful tools a school can develop is a multidisciplinary threat assessment team. Threat assessment is a means by which educators can identify students who are at risk for violence against themselves or others, assess the level of risk and develop appropriate supports and interventions. Most importantly, threat assessment is an effective violence prevention measure that examines threats of all kinds, not just an active shooter situation. http://eschoolsafety.org/tam/
Has your district had a vulnerability assessment to examine the current level of safety and security within each building? A vulnerability assessment identifies potential deficiencies and generates recommendations for improvement. An effective vulnerability assessment comes from multiple perspectives – educational, legal, emergency response – not just a security point of view and should include an intruder assessment, a policy review, a mitigation plan, and a leadership team de-briefing. http://eschoolsafety.org/consulting/
Does your school have a formalized, updated plan for parent reunification? In the immediate aftermath of a crisis event, the primary responsibility of the school is to ensure the safe and timely return of students to their parents. A plan for parent reunification cannot be developed “on the fly” in the emotional post-crisis chaos. http://eschoolsafety.org/reunification/
If you answered no to one or more of these questions, don’t despair, instead get busy! As a non-profit, it is the mission of the Educator’s School Safety Network to assist schools with safety planning and training. We can help you make the 2016-2017 school year safer. Contact us at www.eSchoolSafety.org
It’s teacher appreciation week which results in a flurry of best wishes and compliments to educators across the United States – and rightfully so! Every day teachers face the almost overwhelming task of educating, nurturing, and protecting the children in their care.
As a society, it is in our best interest, as well as our responsibility, to improve the state of education by helping teachers to access the resources that they need to complete these three critical tasks each school day.
So in a week where teachers are showered with food, gifts, and thank yous (which are often long overdue), what are we doing to provide teachers with the tools, training, and resources they need to do their most important job – ensure the safety of their students?
Let’s demonstrate some real appreciation for teachers – by giving them the appropriate, education-based safety training they desperately need.
In American schools, April is a month for spring testing, gearing up for graduation, starting next year’s schedule, spring break… and oh yes – catastrophic violence. In the past 20 years, April has become known by mass-murder and terrorism experts as the “killing season” and for good reason.
Next week, particularly April 19 and 20, is infamous for school violence.
The massacres at Virginia Tech (April 16) and Columbine High School (April 20), the stabbing rampage at Franklin Regional High School, as well as numerous “lesser” attacks all occurred in schools in mid-April.
Unfortunately, time doesn’t lessen the impact of these events. The “celebration” of or homage to the anniversary of these events (in particular the Columbine shooting) becomes of critical significance to those intending to perpetrate a similar, or “better” attack.
As more attacks are carried out in April, the contagion grows greater, with more attacks desiring to replicate or pay tribute to the nefarious anniversaries of Eric Harris’s birthday (April 9), the Boston Marathon bombing (April 15), the Virginia Tech shooting (April 16), the Waco Siege and Oklahoma City bombing (both April 19), Hitler’s birthday (April 20), and the most “admired” school shooting of all – Columbine High School on April 20.
Given the successful thwarting of numerous planned school attacks in the past few weeks, it is not just law enforcement or anti-terrorism responders who need to be aware, attuned, and responsive during this time – it is educators as well.
That extra measure of vigilance in the coming days may very well save lives.
In response to the “excessive force” incident in a San Antonio school this week, the Texas ACLU has called for the removal of police officers from schools, saying “Police officers don't make schools safer, and they should be removed from schools altogether." They went on to call on the San Antonio Independent School District to “take a look at their policies, practices and culture of policing,” an activity that all school districts should undertake.
While we continue to be shocked and at times horrified, by the videos that emerge from police-related incidents in schools, our response needs to be measured and strategic. No one wants to see 12 year olds body slammed into the ground, but we are equally distraught at the physical violence that can occur without an adequate supervisory presence. We have to acknowledge that sometimes, there are crisis events that occur in a school that absolutely require a police presence. Conversely, it is clear that a law enforcement approach is almost never the best response to a school disciplinary issue.
At the risk of sounding like a voice of reason amid the shouting, perhaps a more moderate, but less convenient, approach needs to be introduced:
Provide appropriate, education-based training for school staff in de-escalation, supervision, and crisis response, AND demand that teachers consistently use it in all situations, such that schools can apply educationally sound responses to disciplinary issues.
Provide appropriate, education-based training to school-based law enforcement officers in de-escalation and how to appropriately apply law enforcement techniques in an educational setting AND demand that they consistently use it, such that police officers can apply educationally sound law enforcement responses as needed if a criminal issue occurs in a school.