More discussion regarding the new FEMA guidelines… We’ve talked about the options to “run”, “hide/barricade” or “fight”, but the unspoken question is – do what, when? The natural tendency is to revert to our centralized approach – the principal will tell me whether to evacuate or barricade. This couldn’t be further from the truth. An active shooter situation develops and escalates rapidly. There will most likely not be time for wait for someone else to decide what to do. De-centralizing decision making means that you must decide what to do based on the best information you have at the time. FEMA’s recommendation is that "staff members will have to rely on their own judgment to decide which option will best protect lives…” (p. 64). This underscores the need for adequate training and practice so that you are ready to make these decisions.